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ISBN-13: 9780781765770 978-0781765770
1. The substance that fills the cell from the plasma membrane to the nuclear membrane is called the__.
2. A long, whiplike projection from the cell used in locomotion is a(n) .
3. Small hairlike projections from the cell are called _.
4. The organelle that contains digestive enzymes is the __.
5. The large organelle that is the control center of the cell is the _.
6. In the pairing of bases in DNA, adenine pairs with .
7. The substance that makes up the genes is _.
8. In the pairing of bases in RNA, adenine pairs with _.
9. The type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome is .
10. The process of synthesizing proteins based on an mRNA template is called __.
11. The period between one cell division and the next is called .
12. The process by which specialized cells engulf large particles is .
13. The diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane is .
14. Passage of a solution through a membrane under mechanical force is called _.
15. A solution that has a lower concentration than the fluid within the cell is termed_.
16. A cell placed in a solution will swell.
17. The percentage salt in a normal saline solution is .
18. A change in the genetic material of a cell is called a(n) .
19. A personal characteristic or lifestyle habit that increases one’s chances of getting cancer is called a(n) .
20. A prefix meaning same is .
21. The metric unit used for microscopic measurement is the
22. The microscope with the highest magnification is the
A) scanning electron microscope
B) transmission electron microscope
C) compound light microscope
D) simple light microscope
23. The plasma membrane is best described as
C) selectively permeable
24. The major lipids in the plasma membrane are
A) proteins and phospholipids
B) carbohydrates and proteins
C) phospholipids and cholesterol
D) calcium salts and phospholipids
25. Which of the following membrane proteins changes shape to move substances across the plasma membrane?
26. Which of the following membrane proteins attaches cells to other cells?
C) cell identity marker
27. The small body in the nucleus that assembles ribosomes is called the
D) endoplasmic reticulum
28. An organelle that produces energy for the cell is called a(n)
C) Golgi apparatus
29. Small bodies involved in the manufacture of proteins are
30. If a cell lacked centrioles, it would not be able to
A) synthesize proteins
B) synthesize RNA
D) secrete proteins
31. A particular cell type specializes in breaking down harmful by-products of metabolism. This cell type would contain very high levels of
B) endoplasmic reticulum
32. Two cells vary in the amount of energy they require. One cell, a muscle cell, must generate large supplies of ATP. The other cell, a skin cell, requires very little ATP. Based solely on information provided in this question, these two cells would differ in the abundance of
D) Golgi apparatus
33. A nucleotide contains a nitrogen base, a sugar unit, and a
A) phosphate unit
C) fatty acid
D) protein unit
34. The RNA found in ribosomes is called
35. Ribosomes participate in the process of
A) DNA synthesis
36. Transcription is the synthesis of
37. The correct order of the stages in mitosis is
A) anaphase, telophase, metaphase, prophase
B) prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
C) prophase, anaphase, telophase, metaphase
D) telophase, anaphase, prophase, metaphase
38. The phase of mitosis when the chromosomes pull apart is
39. The phase of mitosis during which the chromosomes condense is
40. Droplets of fluid are taken in by the cell using the process of
D) active transport
41. What effect does diffusion usually have on the concentration gradient?
C) no change
D) None of the answers are correct.